CBN v primerjavi s CBD: Kakšna je resnična razlika?

2021-01-06

The cannabis alphabet soup can be difficult to follow. Between the many acronyms that stand for various cannabinoids found within cannabis and hemp plants, it can be hard to keep each compound straight. That can be especially true when cannabinoids share two letters, like CBD and CBN. Despite the similar nomenclature, these two cannabinoids have significant differences. This guide will introduce you to each of the cannabinoids and how they work, as well as examine how they are alike and how they differ.

Kaj je CBN?

Cannabinol (CBN), like CBD, is a non-intoxicating compound found in cannabis and hemp plants. Unlike CBD, which is its own cannabinoid, CBN is the by-product of degrading Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). When THC ages, it decays into CBN. That means there are usually higher levels of CBN in older cannabis flower. However, CBN has differing properties from THC and other cannabinoids and is actively being studied by researchers around the world.

Kaj je CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many phytocannabinoids — or cannabinoids that come from plants — found in hemp plants. It’s arguably one of the most well-known cannabinoids, found in products from capsules to bath bombs. It naturally boosts our supply of endocannabinoids, or cannabinoids produced by our bodies.* Unlike THC, CBD won’t get you high. In fact, broad-spectrum hemp extract is formulated to contain no THC at all. (This is the type of CBD that we use.)

The science of CBN and CBD

CBN in CBD najdemo predvsem znotraj trihomov rastline konoplje, struktur, ki obdajajo brsti cvetov konoplje in na nekaterih okoliških majhnih listih. Sčasoma se trihomi polnijo s smolo, napolnjeno s kanabinoidi, in se spremeni iz jasnega videza v moten videz, ko je vsebnost THC na vrhuncu. Ko se ti trihomi razgradijo in THC preide v CBN, trihomi postanejo zarjavele jantarne barve. Za mnoge pridelovalce to pomeni, da je rastlina že v svojih najboljših letih. Ker pa CBN ponuja potencialne koristi sam po sebi, postaja kanabinoid bolj zaželen v celotni industriji konoplje.

V naravi naj bi kanabinoidi varovali rastline konoplje pred boleznimi, odganjali plenilce in spodbujali opraševalce, da pomagajo rastlini pri razmnoževanju. Mimogrede, kanabinoidi sodelujejo tudi z endogenim kanabinoidnim sistemom, vrsto receptorjev, ki jih najdemo pri ljudeh in nekaterih živalih. Danes spoznavamo več o interakcijah kanabinoidov s človeškim telesom in o tem, kako te edinstvene spojine podpirajo naše dobro počutje.

Kakšen je učinek spremstva?

Raziskovalci verjamejo, da kanabinoidi in druge spojine, ki jih najdemo v rastlinah konoplje, medsebojno delujejo v postopku, znanem kot učinek spremstva. Ta teorija kaže, da lahko kanabinoidi dejansko povečajo ali spremenijo značilnosti drug drugega, če so prisotni skupaj. Na primer, raziskovalci menijo, da bi kombinacija CBN in THC lahko povzročila zaspanost, medtem ko bi prisotnost visoke ravni CBD lahko ublažila opojne učinke THC.

Which cannabinoids are in our products?

At Prima, our products contain a variety of minor cannabinoides  alongside CBD. That's because we use broad spectrum hemp extract, which contains a fuller spectrum of cannabinoids except for THC than a CBD isolate, along with other compounds like terpenes, flavonoids, and acids. Which minor cannabinoids are present will vary from lot to lot as each plant that is harvested and extracted will have a different expression of cannabinoids.

The hemp extract in your favorite Prima product begins its journey on family farms in Oregon. These farms hold the earth in high esteem: the farmers use zero-waste cultivation techniques and won’t use single-use plastics during the cultivation process. Moreover, there are no synthetic fertilizers or pesticides used on the soil in which the hemp grows. That means no pesticides, herbicides, and no irradiation are used.

Ko pride čas za ustvarjanje ekstrakta konoplje, uporabimo le nadkritično frakcioniranje CO2. Ta počasna in ciljno usmerjena metoda nam omogoča, da odstranimo vse spojine, ki jih ne želimo v naših izdelkih, kot so THC, voski, klorofil in onesnaževala, pri čemer ostanejo le "dobre stvari". Ta postopek zahteva tudi manj obdelave in segrevanja, saj se CO2 naravno loči od ekstrakta konoplje pri sobni temperaturi. Naš izvleček konoplje s širokim spektrom brez ogljikovodikov, toksinov in težkih kovin.

 

Ta članek izhaja iz revije PRIMA.